Amphilophus amarillo

For most Amphilophus species, a two-meter aquarium is sufficient, but Amphilophus amarillo is best kept in an aquarium of 3 meters or more!

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Amphilophus amarillo

The Amphilophus amarillo is yellow in color with black vertical stripes across the body. Outside the breeding season the yellow color fades and the stripes are hardly visible. There is a hump on the head, hence the nickname hump head. The male have this fat hump on their heads and also more elongated fins. The females lack the hump on their head and show shorter fin.

In an aquarium this fish becomes quite large, up to 35 centimeters. In the wild they stay around 20 centimeters.

Origin

Lake Xiloá, Nicaragua.

The Aquarium

Because these fish are so large, an aquarium of at least 2.50 meters is required, but bigger would even be better. The aquarium must be decorated with wood and rocks to create hiding places. In addition, make sure there is sufficient swimming space. The substrate must consist of sand so that the fish can dig. They will show this digging behaviour mostly during the breeding season. It is therefore important that the plants rocks and decoration are firmly fixed as they will come loose or fall as they start digging and shoving rocks around.

Water

Temperature: 25 degrees Celsius.
pH: 7-8,5
GH: 5-15

Diet

In the wild, Amphilophus amarillo is a snail eater. However, in the aquarium they will accept almost every food you provide. You can give the both frozen and live food such as mosquito larvae, krill, mysis and artemia. They also accept flake food, granules and spirulina.

Character

When kept in a sufficiently large aquarium, they are generally peaceful towards other species. In nature they occur loose groups outside the breeding season. In the aquarium, however, it is better to keep them in pairs. During the breeding season, these fish can become very aggressive because they strongly defend their territory.

Breeding Amphilophus amarillo

Breeding Amphilophus amarillo is not very difficult. The eggs are laid in a hole or between the rocks. Here the young are also cared for. After about three days the eggs hatch and a week later the fry swim freely. The fry are protected by their parents. If a youngster gets too far out of the nest, it is quickly taken into the mouth by a parent and spit back into the school. The fry can be raised with crushed flakes and newly hatched brine shrimp.

Video

Author

Kevin

Copyright images

Door Zoofoto! – CC BY-SA 3.0

Additional information

Family

Genus

Species

Character

Social Behaviour

Breeding behaviour

Diet

Min. aquarium length in cm

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Minimum aquarium length in cm

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