Apistogramma allpahuayo Description
Female Apistogramma allpahuayo can reach a total length of around 5 centimetres, male grow a bit larger to around 9 centimetres. Their shape looks very similar to that of Apistogramma cacatuoides. You can hardly see any difference between their females although the black spot on the chin of the Apistogramma allpahuayo female is just a bit bigger. This marking on the chin is also present on the males. The males front fin rays have red ends. An other obvious difference between sexes is the males pitch black bar along their lateral line.
Peru, south of Iquitos in northern Peru. They inhabit a small nameles lake and brook in the Amazon basin.
You will need an aquarium of at least half a square meter, or a tank with a length of 100 centimetres and 50 centimetres wide. Make sure you create lots of hiding places with plants, wood, rocks and leaves. They will feel equally at home in a heavily decorated planted aquarium or a heavily decorated black water tank.
Temperature: 20-29 degrees celsius.
In nature these fish see fluctuating water temperatures. Keeping them on their minimum or maximum suggested temperatures is not advised and can shorten the lifespan of the fish.
In the wild the diet of Apistogramma consist mainly of detritus, a thin layer of detritus on the bottom where they can sift out their food is ideal. They will also take small living foods like mosquito larvae, mysis, daphnia, cyclops and brine shrimp, preferably living but they wil eat frozen foods as well.
This is a peaceful fish, it is best kept in a harem, with 1 male and at least 3 females or better yet in a larger group. If you keep a male with just one female he can focus his attention on only her and will do so until she dies of exhaustion. Two females will cause aggression between the females, resulting the death of one of them. So keep its best to keep them in a somewhat larger aquarium (> 150 centimetres) and keep them in a group with at least 3 males and multiple females.
The fight for dominance with the males is mostly show and hardly ever results in injuries. Only females guarding their nests can sometimes hurt other fish. Make sure that your community aquarium doesn’t have very active or too much bottom oriented species. Especially Corydoras species can be the cause of much stress with Apistogramma.
You will get best breeding results if you keep the temperature between 24 – 26 degrees Celsius, pH 5.5, KH 2 and conductivity below 50 microSiemens/centimeter. In around 2 hours they will lay 80 to 150 eggs in a cave. Noticeable in this species is the male. He doesn’t protect a large territorium like other Apistogramma but stays close to the nest until the fry can swim freely. At this point she chases the male away until the fry are a couple of weeks old, at this point he starts defending a larger territorium. After this couple of weeks, when she decides the fry are big enough, the male can accompany them again.
After 4 months the fry are 3 to 5 centimetres and are sexually mature. The male Apistogramma allpahuayo will now drive the young males out of his territory. The young females will make their own territory around a cave.
In literature and shops it is sometimes confused with Apistogramma juruensis.